Jesse Papenburg

Infectious Diseases

I love working with children and their families because their strength in difficult situations is inspiring.

Hospital information

Academic appointments

Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University

Associate Member, Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University

Other appointments

Scientist, MUHC Research Institute (MUHC-RI): Infectious Disease and Immunity in Global Health (IDIGH) Program, Centre of Outcomes Research and Evaluation (CORE)

Co-Director, MUHC Vaccine Study Centre

Awards and distinctions

2022 McGill Principal’s Prize for Public Engagement through Media, Emerging Researchers Category

2016-2021 Junior Clinical Scholar 1 FRQ-S (Fonds de recherche du Québec – Santé)

2010 AMMI-Canada Post-Residency Fellowship

2010 Royal College of Physicians & Surgeons Canada Detweiler Travelling Fellowship



BSc (Major in Microbiology & Immunology, Minor in Philosophy), McGill University (1998)

Medical Degree

MDCM, McGill University (2002)


Pediatrics, Montreal Children’s Hospital (2006)

Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Montreal Children’s Hospital (2008)

Medical Microbiology, McGill University Health Centre (2008).


Research Fellowship: Epidemiology and Molecular Evolution of Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses. Centre de recherche en infectiologie de l’Université Laval (2009-11).

MSc in Epidemiology (2011-13): Correlates of Provincial Laboratory Surveillance for Respiratory Viruses. McGill University.

Fun fact about me

I love to play ultimate frisbee.


Research interests

Dr. Jesse Papenburg – IDIGH Program, [email protected]

Dr Papenburg’s research focuses on the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of severe viral lower respiratory tract infections in children. He actively engages in knowledge translation in his field by contributing to national and provincial guidelines on RSV immunoprophylaxis, influenza antiviral treatment, and SARS-CoV-2 diagnostics and treatment. He is also a voting member of Canada’s National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) and chair of NACI’s influenza working group.


Research foci

  • Resource utilization in pediatric acute viral infections;
  • Diagnostics and biomarkers to distinguish viral and bacterial acute respiratory infections;
  • Diagnostic accuracy of point-of-care tests for for infectious diseases;
  • Prevention strategies for viral respiratory infections, including COVID-19, RSV and influenza;
  • Clinical impact of molecular diagnostics for respiratory viruses and CNS pathogens;


Respiratory viruses, influenza, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), children, epidemiology

Selected publications

Papenburg J, Campbell JR, Caya C, Dion C, Corsini R, Cheng MP, Menzies D, Yansouni CP. Adequacy of Serial Self-performed SARS-CoV-2 Rapid Antigen Detection Testing for Longitudinal Mass Screening in the Workplace. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 May 2;5(5):e2210559. PMID: 35522284.

Mehta K, Morris SK, Bettinger JA, Vaudry W, Jadavji T, Halperin SA, Bancej C, Sadarangani M, Dendukuri N, Papenburg J; Canadian Immunization Monitoring Program Active (IMPACT) Investigators. Antiviral Use in Canadian Children Hospitalized for Influenza. Pediatrics. 2021 Oct;148(4):e2020049672. PMID: 34548379.

Papenburg J, Defoy I, Massé E, Caouette G, Lebel MH. Impact of the Withdrawal of Palivizumab Immunoprophylaxis on the Incidence of Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Hospitalizations Among Infants Born at 33 to 35 Weeks’ Gestational Age in the Province of Quebec, Canada: The RSV-Quebec Study. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2021 Apr 3;10(3):237-244. PMID: 32530035.

Cheng MP, Papenburg J, Desjardins M, Kanjilal S, Quach C, Libman M, Dittrich S, Yansouni CP. Diagnostic testing for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-related Coronavirus-2: A narrative review. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Jun 2;172(11):726-34. PMID: 32282894.

Burstein B, Plint AC, Papenburg J. Use of radiography in patients diagnosed as having acute bronchiolitis in US emergency departments, 2007-2015. JAMA. 2018 Oct;320(15):1598-1600. PMID: 30326115.

Merckx J, Wali R, Schiller I, Caya C, Gore G, Chartrand C, Dendukuri N, Papenburg J. Diagnostic accuracy of novel and traditional rapid tests for influenza infection compared to RT-PCR: systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2017 Sept 167(6): 394-409. PMID: 28869986.